Government Relys on PLTS to Pursue Renewable Energy Mix Target

Utilization of Solar Power Plants (PLTS) is one of the government's strategies to increase the development of renewable energy in Indonesia. This is because the government is pursuing the New Renewable Energy (EBT) mix target of 23% by 2025. Until June 2022, the realization of the EBT mix has only reached 12.8%.

Director General of New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (EBTKE) of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Dadan Kusdiana, said that currently the use of solar energy is the government's focus.

"Because of the abundant potential of solar energy in Indonesia, and the cost is getting more and more competitive," Dadan told reporters today.

In fact, the potential for renewable energy in Indonesia reaches 3,686 gigawatts (GW) which is dominated by solar energy of 3,295 GW, followed by 155 GW of wind energy, 95 GW of hydro, 60 GW of marine energy, 57 GW of bioenergy and 24 GW of geothermal energy.

Therefore, the government plans to increase the capacity of NRE carriers until 2030 in accordance with the plan for power generation, transition and distribution networks, as well as electricity sales in a PLN business area (RUPTL) in 2021 - 2030.

The plan includes the development of hydro energy, namely a hydroelectric power plant (PLTA) of 9,272 mega watts (MW) and a microhydro power plant (PLTMH) of 1,118 MW.

Then followed by a solar power plant (PLTS) 4,680 MW, a geothermal power plant (PLTP) 3,355 MW, a wind power plant (PLTB) 597 MW and a PLT Bioenergy 590 MW.

Until May 2022, the total installed NRE power plant is 11.6 GW. If detailed, PLTS is 213.7 MW, PLTB is 154.3 MW, PLTA is 6,648.4 MW, PLT Bioenergy is 2,284 MW, and PLTP is 2,292.7 MW.

In addition to power plants, other renewable energy sources that have also been developed are biofuels, which through mandatory B30 with a target of 10.1 million kiloliters (kL) in 2022, the realization until the second quarter of 2022 has reached 2.5 million kL.

This year, the government targets the NRE mix to reach Rp 15.7%. To realize this target, various strategies have been prepared by the government, such as monitoring and facilitating the implementation of the EBT PLT project at the RUPTL.

Then the implementation of Rooftop PLTS with a target of 3,610 MW in 2025. Next, the mandatory B30 Biomass Co-Firing Program at PLTU with a target of 10.2 million tons in 2025. Next, increasing the mandatory B30 with a target of 11.6 million kL in 2025. In addition, the achievement EBT targets that are applied to business areas outside PLN.

"We will also accelerate the implementation of the draft Presidential Regulation on Renewable Energy, the floating PLTS program and accelerate the completion of power wheeling regulations," he explained.

Not only that, the government is also optimizing geothermal power plants that have been operating with binary technology by targeting nine geothermal areas by 2025 with a development potential of 295 MW.

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